Unexplored Earth Facts

Some lesser known places on our planet are some of the most incredible. We just need to get out there and find out more about them.

  • The Pantanal wetlands of South America are the largest in the world. Home to giant waterlilies, underwater forests and over 300 species of fish including red bellied piranha.
  • The mouse lemurs of Madagascar are the world’s smallest primate and no bigger than your hand.
  • Lake Malawi contains more fish species than any other lake - there are 850 types of cichlids alone evolved from one single ancestor thousands of years ago.
  • The Antarctic freeze is the greatest seasonal change on our planet. The ice advances at 4 km per day and the continent effectively doubles in size in a matter of weeks.
  • The biggest insect emergence on the planet happens every 17 years in North America when more than a billion nymphs of the periodical cicado appear from underground to transform into adults.

Cave of Swallows

  • The Cave of Swallows in Mexico is the biggest cave shaft in the world. At 400 metres deep, it could engulf the Empire State Building.
  • The Sahara desert is the same size as the USA. It’s the biggest source of sand and dust on the planet which can be blown 5,000 metres up into the sky.
  • The Himalayas are over 3,000km long with hundreds of peaks measuring over 7,000 metres tall, and 13 peaks higher than 8,000 metres. They are the highest mountains on Earth and are visible from space.
  • The rare black-crested gibbons of China’s distinctive yodelling cries are said to have once inspired poets.
  • One of the planet’s greatest annual migrations is of the Mongolian gazelle. Two million of the animals are thought to gather once a year to have their young together.